During the Alabama State Legislature's 2016 session, State Senator Gerald Allen of Tuscaloosa introduced a bill he called the "Alabama Heritage Protection Act" which would "prohibit the relocation, removal, alteration, renaming, or other disturbance of certain commemorative statues, monuments, memorials, or plaques which are located on public property," without being granted an express waiver from the state legislature. The court stated that the barricade negated the monument's intent, saying that, "Members of the public passing through Linn Park could have no way of knowing what the marble shaft rising from behind the plywood screen was intended to memorialize," and further ruled that municipalities do not enjoy the rights guaranteed by the constitution to individuals. ", Whitmire, Kyle (December 4, 2019) "This is our history: How white supremacy still thrives in Alabama. On August 15, 2017, in the wake of a violent rally of white nationalists gathered to oppose the removal of a statue of Robert E. Lee in Charlottesville, Virginia, Mayor Bell ordered that the monument should be covered and walled off until a legal means of removing it could be established. BIRMINGHAM, AL — The City of Birmingham began removal of the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in Linn Park Monday night, as only … Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall filed a new lawsuit against the city of Birmingham Tuesday for removing a Confederate monument in Linn Park. The monument was dismantled and removed in 2020. The Mayor's office has made attempts to contact the Sons of Confederate Veterans and the United Daughters of the Confederacy, as well as other organizations, about taking possession of the monument, but no agreement has been reached. On Sunday, the obelisk — known formally as the Confederate Sailors and Soldiers Monument — was the site of a speech from Birmingham Mayor Randall Woodfin, who pleaded with the … ", Bryant, Joseph D. (July 1, 2015) "Birmingham city officials take steps to remove Confederate monument at Linn Park. The $1,020 cost was raised in four days by a campaign publicized in the Birmingham News. The Confederate monument in Birmingham's Linn Park has been fully removed. The former page's history now serves to provide attribution for that content in the latter page, and it … Lieutenant Governor Russell Cunningham and Mayor Mel Drennen graciously accepted the gift with speeches of their own. A hearing in that case was held on April 13 before Jefferson County Circuit Court Judge Mike Graffeo. https://www.bhamwiki.com/w/Confederate_Soldiers_&_Sailors_Monument ", Stein, Kelsey (August 19, 2015) "Decision about fate of Birmingham Confederate monument should not be rushed, attorneys say. Graffeo issued a ruling shortly before his January 2019 retirement from the bench voiding the 2017 law on the basis that it attempted to restrict the right of the citizens of Birmingham to speak collectively through their city government, and that it deprived the city of the right of due process. Material from Linn Park, Birmingham, Alabama was split to Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument (Birmingham, Alabama) on June 3, 2020 from this version. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Birmingham, Ala., seen here in 2016, has been the subject of legal controversy in recent years. ; Fourth Annual Reunion, at Birmingham, Ala. -- Large Attendance", "A history of the Confederate monument in Birmingham's Linn Park", "The History of Birmingham's Confederate Monument and How the State of Alabama is Fighting to Keep It", "Alabama Can't Make Birmingham Display Confederate Monument", "Birmingham Mayor Orders Removal of Confederate Monument in Public Park", "Judge rules Confederate monument law is void", "Birmingham covers Confederate monument with plywood", "Alabama Supreme Court upholds Confederate monument law", "Confederate Memorial Barrier Illegal, Alabama Supreme Court Says", "Protesters tried to remove a Confederate monument in Birmingham. [11][12] The state Attorney General responded by filing a new lawsuit against the city council saying[13] the removal was in violation of the Alabama Memorial Preservation Act of 2017, a law passed specifically to prevent the removal of this monument. Some commenters were, "not so sure but that the expenditure of only $1,700 will not be more of a humiliation than an honor," compared to the grandeur of the large monument on the grounds of the Alabama state capitol, erected at a cost of more than $30,000. APRIL 26, 1905. ", "Attorney General Steve Marshall Statement on Birmingham Linn Park Confederate Monument." ", Hrynkiw, Ivana (January 15, 2019) "Judge rules Alabama Confederate monument law is void; city of Birmingham didn’t break the law. Clisby's successors carried the torch and made annual appeals for funds through the Birmingham News. Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall then filed suit against the city, claiming that the action violated the recently-passed law. 67 The bill passed the Senate and a House committee, but did not come to a vote in the House during that session. [9][10], Following protests in 2020 after the killing of George Floyd, during which protestors damaged and tried to remove the monument, the city council removed the obelisk, leaving only the plinth. Activist Frank Matthews responded to the ruling by calling for the Birmingham Board of Parks and Recreation to remove the monument immediately. The state attorney general sued the city of Birmingham. It was the most prominent Confederate monument in the state. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in downtown Birmingham’s Linn Park, named for Confederate naval Capt. ", Edgemon, Erin (August 15, 2017) "Birmingham covers Confederate monument as city considers removal. A GoFundMe campaign was launched by White Clergy for Black Lives Matter to reimburse any costs and potential state penalties for removing the monument. A. Clisby, president of the chapter, appointed Mary Scott Taliaferro, Mrs J. U. Hardeman, Mrs R. H. Carter, and Mrs Charles G. Brown to a committee to raise funds. The 52 foot high monument was completed on April 27, 1905. Mrs A. The monument was dismantled and removed in 2020. The Confederate Soldiers & Sailors Monument was a 52-foot-tall sandstone obelisk located at the southern entrance of Linn Park, at the terminus of 20th Street North. [Photo: Jay Reeves/AP/Shutterstock] On May 29, 1896, The United Daughters of the Confederacy held a meeting to decide what to do with the plinth and, in 1900, raised money for construction of the obelisk. Marshall appealed Graffeo's ruling to the Alabama Supreme Court, which reversed Graffeo, instructing him to order the city to remove the barricade and pay a $25,000 fine. The completed monument was formally dedicated on April 26, 1905, now observed for the first time, statewide as "Confederate Memorial Day". The cornerstone for the base for a future monument was laid during the 1894 Reunion of United Confederate Veterans in Birmingham, on April 26, a date observed as Confederate Decoration Day, the anniversary of General Joseph Johnston's surrender to Union General William Sherman at Bennett Place, North Carolina in 1865. (Marvin Gentry, For the Birmingham Times) “In order to prevent more civil unrest, it is … The mayor told them he would finish the job", "Linn Park Confederate Monument Removed By City", "Attorney General Steve Marshall files new lawsuit against Birmingham over removal of Confederate monument", "Obituary for a racist symbol: Birmingham takes down Confederate monument after 115 years", "Alabama attorney general sues Birmingham for removing Confederate monument", "Confederate monuments targeted by protests come down in Alabama, Virginia, Florida", Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Florida's Tribute to the Women of the Confederacy, Christopher Columbus (Columbus State Community College), Donald Trump photo op at St. John's Church, When the looting starts, the shooting starts, 2020 deployment of federal forces in the United States, Actions against memorials in the United Kingdom, George Floyd Law Enforcement Trust and Integrity Act, 2020–2021 Minneapolis–Saint Paul racial unrest, Monument and memorial controversies in the United States, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Confederate_Soldiers_and_Sailors_Monument_(Birmingham,_Alabama)&oldid=992862352, Confederate States of America monuments and memorials in Alabama, Removed Confederate States of America monuments and memorials, Vandalized works of art in the United States, Monuments and memorials removed during the George Floyd protests, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:26. ERECTED BY PELHAM CHAPTER No. The city erected a plywood wall around the Confederate monument to obscure the plaques on it in 2017, effectively challenging a state law that makes removal of historic monuments illegal. A grand parade of over 1,000 people, including the entire student body of Birmingham High School, the corps of cadets from Howard College, the Birmingham Police Department and Birmingham Fire Department, numerous "carriages and tally-hos," and several military bands, made its way from Jefferson County Courthouse to the park. That evening, during a citywide emergency curfew, the monument was removed from the park. Skip Navigation Share on Facebook The partially-obscured Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument stands next to another Confederate statue at Birmingham, Alabama's Linn Park on August 18, 2017. Brown then presented the monument to the State of Alabama and to the City of Birmingham. "The City of Birmingham acted unlawfully when it erected barriers to obstruct the view of the 114-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Linn Park." Woodfin said that the cost to the city for the work of removing it was $1, but did not identify the contractor due to fears of backlash. Photo by Jay Reeves AP. Organizers pledged to forward donations above that amount to Faith in Action Alabama to help eliminate systemic racism in the state. The statue was significantly damaged and defaced with hand tools, power tools, and spray paint during riots on the night of May 31, 2020, coinciding with national protests in response to the death of George Floyd at the hands of police in Minneapolis, Minnesota. During his visit for the Olmsted Brothers' 1925 report and recommendations for "A Park System for Birmingham" landscape architect W. B. Marquis wrote that "The Confederate Monument located on the axis of 20th St. at the south end of the park probably must be retained although there may be some possibility of changing its position." Birmingham Mayor Randall Woodfin on Monday night kept his promise, with the City removing the 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in Linn Park. ", Whitmire, Kyle (June 1, 2020) "When a Confederate monument wouldn’t fall, rioters turned on Birmingham. Construction crews remove Birmingham’s Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument from Linn Park on Monday evening after the start of the city wide curfew. This page was last modified on 30 June 2020, at 11:38. Charles Linn, had been the target of … The act, which would also prevent the renaming of public buildings, streets, bridges and parks, made an exception for any such removals undertaken for transportation projects. [7] The lower court's decision was reversed in November 2019 by the state Supreme Court, which upheld a fine of $25,000 against the city council. In October 1904 Camp W. J. Hardee, United Confederate Veterans voted to contribute $500 toward the efforts of the Daughters and Sons of the Confederacy, raising the overall fund to $1,700. (Source: City of Birmingham) Demolition began Monday, soon after a 7 p.m. curfew went into effect in the city of Birmingham. General George P. Harrison, Commander of the United Confederate Veterans of Alabama, gave the concluding address to rounds of raucous applause punctuated by the "rebel yell" from fellow veterans. ", Hrynkiw, Ivana (April 13, 2018) "AG, Birmingham attorneys argue over Confederate memorial. The firm, delayed by uncertainties about the designs for a new Birmingham Public Library and Jefferson County Courthouse, never presented a detailed plan for redesigning what was, by then, renamed Woodrow Wilson Park. DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY ", Koplowitz, Howard & Jeremy Gray (June 2, 2020) "Where did Birmingham’s Confederate monument go? The Birmingham Park and Recreation Board is attempting to have the monument … The process to remove the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in Birmingham’s Linn Park began on what would have been the 212th birthday of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy. After the conclusion of the ceremony, the crowd processed up to Oak Hill Cemetery to decorate the graves of 45 Confederate dead. Over the next few years, the plinth remained empty. The possibility of removing the monument was implicit in the 1919 proposal by architects Frank Hartley Anderson, William Warren and Eugene Knight for a Memorial Civic Center that would serve as a comprehensive memorial with an emphasis on the recently-ended "Great War". In the event, more contributions did arrive, and once $4,000 was raised, the Pelham Chapter, now with Mrs Rountree as its president, commissioned stone contractor L. N. Archer to fabricate and install the obelisk. Judge Mike Graffeo dismissed the suit in November. A number of Alabama towns had said that they would be willing to take the monument when the city of Birmingham had sought to move it. It was brought back in 2017 and passed both houses of the legislature. SEE ALSO: State Of Emergency Declared In Birmingham, City Under Curfew Crews began work to remove the 52-foot Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument from where it stood since 1905. Workers on Monday night began taking down a 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in a Birmingham park after the city’s mayor vowed to remove the offensive statues.. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument was a commemorative obelisk that was erected in Linn Park, Birmingham, Alabama in 1905. JEFFERSON DAVIS. In their report they merely recommended that the park "is generally considered as a possible civic center and should, if possible, be so planned and developed.". Mayor won’t say. Alabama attorney general Steve Marshall filed an anticipated lawsuit against the city of Birmingham over the city's removal of a Confederate monument. Mayor Randall Woodfin came to the park and told the crowd that he would finish the job they started within 24 hours. Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument removal in Birmingham's Linn Park began on what would have been the 212th birthday of Jefferson Davis The … Egyptologist and UAB professor Sarah Parcak took the opportunity to tweet out some tips on, "how to [safely] pull down an obelisk," that, "might be masquerading as a racist monument." [7][8] In January 2019, an Alabama court declared unconstitutional the Alabama Memorial Preservation Act that prohibited "alteration" of the monument. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument had stood in its current spot in the city for 115 years. The monument has been a bone of contention for the city and the county for year. Earlier this month, Birmingham Mayor Randall Woodfin yielded to protestors’ demands to remove the controversial Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument from Linn Park. A group called "Save our South" filed a lawsuit against the Park Board and City Council seeking a restraining order to prevent the board from removing the memorial. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument has stood in Birmingham’s Linn Park since 1905, but Mayor Randall Woodfin ordered it removed Monday in … "THE MANNER OF THEIR Late Monday, the mayor stepped in to finish the job they started. BIRMINGHAM, ALA. 1894 Reunion of United Confederate Veterans, John Pelham Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Camp W. J. Hardee, United Confederate Veterans, Birmingham Sketches From 1871 Through 1921, "In Remembrance: Confederate Funerary Monuments in Alabama and Resistance to Reconciliation, 1884-1923", Questions Raised About Legal Protections for Historic Monuments in Court Hearing Over Linn Park’s Plywood Screen, High Court Rules Confederate Monument Outside Birmingham City Hall Cannot Be Covered, Fines City, Confederate Monument Being Removed After Birmingham Mayor Vows To 'Finish The Job', ‘Damn That Statue’: Birmingham Proves Protests Work by Forcing Mayor to Confront Racism With ‘Gangsta Shit’, How an Infamous Confederate Obelisk Finally Came Down, Take Down Birmingham's Confederate Monument, https://www.bhamwiki.com/wiki/index.php?title=Confederate_Soldiers_%26_Sailors_Monument&oldid=168139, "Daughters and Sons of the Confederacy and the United Confederate Veterans to Build Monument." The city filed a petition for a re-hearing, but it was denied. Any artifacts recovered from the monument will also be preserved. The Alabama Attorney General filed suit against the city of Birmingham for violating the statute. In 1900, at the behest of Jennie Rountree, Birmingham's John Pelham Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, organized in 1896, took up the challenge of completing the Confederate monument. GLORY OF THEIR LIVES." 770 more to go. The Confederate monument in Birmingham's Linn Park has been fully removed. ", Edgemon, Erin (August 16, 2017) "AG files lawsuit against Birmingham over Confederate monument. The Birmingham Park and Recreation Board voted on July 1 to pursue relocating the monument by consulting with attorneys and with the United Daughters of the Confederacy. [3] The slab of rock was unused for several years, though a surplus artillery piece from the Spanish–American War of 1898 once rested on it. Attempts to topple the obelisk were unsuccessful. The committee organized a week-long bazaar in the City Market on the ground floor of Birmingham City Hall. [1], The cornerstone of the Monument plinth was laid during the 1894 Reunion of United Confederate Veterans on Confederate Decoration Day, April 26. Soon after a 7 p.m. curfew went into effect in the city of Birmingham Monday night, demolition crews arrived at the 52-foot-tall Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Linn Park and began work to remove the structure from where it stood since 1905. A statue of confederate navy captain Charles Linn lies toppled on June 1st, 2020. The monument was designed by architect Charles Wheelock and constructed by Joseph Meighan of Oak Hill Marble & Stone Works. ", Almond, Mark (July 2, 2015) "A close-up look at Birmingham's embattled Confederate monument. A seprate GoFundMe campaign was launched by the Penny Foundation later that night to address the same costs as well as, "the erection of a new monument.". On Sunday, demonstrators in Birmingham, Alabama, attempted to take down a hated 115-year-old Confederate statue. It was signed into law by Governor Kay Ivey on May 24 as the "Alabama Memorial Preservation Act". Local officials in Alabama’s largest city, which has a majority black population, removed a 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in the city’s Linn Park after protestors and demonstrators vandalized it Sunday. Marshall Issues Statement on Birmingham Confederate Monument. Brown.". (April 27, 1905), Wright, Barnett (June 23, 2015) "Activist Frank Matthews: Remove the 'racist' Confederate monument from Birmingham. Ala. --Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall issued the following statement in response to attempts to destroy the 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in Birmingham’s Linn Park. ", Whitmire, Kyle (June 3, 2020) "Birmingham’s Confederate monument is gone, but what lies beneath is still there.". [2] and contained a Bible and Confederate flag. TO THE CONFEDERATE SOLDIER & SAILOR Jennie Rountree introduced her committee chair, Mrs Brown, by saying, "The strength of that shaft, fifty-two feet high, stands as evidence of the united strength of Pelham Chapter, the members of which have stood shoulder to shoulder, side by side, caring ever for the needs of the less fortunate who fought for Southern rights, honoring with our cross of bronze the Confederate soldier wherever found, and strewing flowers over the graves of those who have gone beyond. This page has been accessed 20,116 times. After the Spanish-American War concluded in August 1898 the city installed a surplus artillery piece from that conflict on top of it. ", Koplowitz, Howard (June 2, 2020) "Alabama attorney general sues Birmingham for removing Confederate monument. In 1894 the park, then known as Capitol Park, held no other monuments and was decorated only by the Hudgins' fountain at its center. News publisher Rufus Rhodes introduced UCV Commander-in-Chief Stephen D. Lee, the featured speaker at the ceremony. Other monuments in the park were also damaged before police cleared the park shortly after 10:00 PM. The campaign received more than $60,000 in less than 24 hours. [14][15][16], Monument to the Confederacy in Birmingham, Alabama, List of monuments and memorials removed during the George Floyd protests, "Confederate Monument Being Removed After Birmingham Mayor Vows To 'Finish The Job, "UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS. ", Hrynkiw, Ivana (January 16, 2019) "Birmingham activist calls for removal of Linn Park monument. The next day, Monday June 1, coincidentally a state holiday honoring Jefferson Davis, Marshall issued a statement affirming that he would file suit under the state law in pursuit of a fine, which he clarified was, "a one-time assessment of $25,000." The Confederate Veterans honors the soldiers and sailors who fought for the Confederacy in the War between the States from 1861 to 1865. The city enforced a curfew the following night. In 2015, in the wake of a mass shooting at an African Methodist Episcopal church in Charleston, South Carolina, activist Frank Matthews and others called for the monument to be removed on the grounds that its depiction of deadly weapons alongside quotes from Jefferson Davis were offensive, and that its sentiment has nothing to do with Birmingham. The symbolism wasn't lost on residents of Birmingham, Alabama: On Monday, as state officials commemorated Confederacy leader Jefferson Davis as part of … ", Dunigan, Jonece Starr (June 3, 2020) "Confederate cornerstone removed from Birmingham park. The east face of the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument is shown in Linn Park in Birmingham. It was given to the city by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1905 and dismantled in 2020. The more than 50-foot-tall (15-meter-tall) memorial to Confederate soldiers and sailors was located just blocks from the church where Rudolph … Mayor Randall Woodfin said the expected $25,000 fine for removing the statue would be much more affordable than the cost of continued unrest in the city. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument was a commemorative obelisk that was erected in Linn Park, Birmingham, Alabama in 1905. (June 1, 2020) press release, Sheets, Connor (June 2, 2020) "Obituary for a racist symbol: Birmingham takes down Confederate monument after 115 years. The cornerstone includes a sealed box containing a Bible, a Confederate flag, a bronze medal honoring the Declaration of Independence, several newspapers and rosters of Confederate organizations. The city does not intend to destroy the historical monument, and is storing it at an undisclosed location until a determination is made about where it should go. (November 10, 1904), "Confederate Monument is Unveiled in Capitol Park." Local officials in Alabama’s largest city, which has a majority black population, removed a 115-year-old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors monument in the city’s Linn Park after protestors and demonstrators vandalized it Sunday. The Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument has been in Linn Park since 1905, when the 52-foot-tall obelisk was donated to the city by the Pelham chapter of … [4][5][6], In 2017, following widespread concern about the monument being a symbol of historic racism, the Birmingham city council erected a barrier surrounding the memorial, resulting in a lawsuit being brought against it by the state. You have met with us here today to witness the completion of our work in commemoration of the deeds of valor to the entire Confederacy, and on behalf of our chapter, I present to you the chairman of our monument committee, Mrs Charles G. 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