Queen Gertrude. 61-52.) How does the king plan to stop Young Fortinbras? False: This quote was said by Laertes. The watchmen are seeing ghosts, and Horatio points out that right before Caesar was killed “the graves stood tenantless, and the sheeted dead did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets” (lines 114-116). Horatio tells Hamlet about the ghost that could be his father. Describe how King Hamlet died. • 4. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. 4. How does Hamlet reveal, by his initial reaction to the ghost, his current feelings about his situation? In the play, "Hamlet", Shakespeare needed to devize an evil character, a villain that is ambitious, and has the ability to scheme to get what he wants. Laertes says Ophelia shouldn’t be with Hamlet because Hamlet is a prince and won’t have a choice in who he marries later on, so she might have her heart broken. This exemplifies how women were treated during this time because Polonius and Laertes are making Ophelias decision without her opinion. 9. 2. Hamlet and Claudius did not truly love Gertrude and Ophelia and that is the tragic reason for the end of these relationships. Claudius is indeed as much a villain as Macbeth, and with little or nothing of Macbeth's great ability. There are many examples of betrayal in the play Hamlet. It is clear that we are intended to see Claudius as a murderous villain, but a multi-faceted villain: a man who cannot refrain from indulging his human desires. Critics refer to this speech as the "dram of evil" speech because Hamlet ends it by saying, "The dram of evil / Doth all the noble substance of a doubt, / To his own scandal." Hamlet says that Claudius’ drinking and partying is evidence of serious flaw, and that “the dram of evil doth all the noble substance often doubt to his own scandal,” meaning that it only takes a bit of evil to corrupt everything. How does Hamlet explain the moral corruption of man on page 51? Comprehension and AnalysisHamlet Act 1, Scene 1:1. 4. They agree again, confused at these demands. Provide all the reasons why Horatio distrusts the ghost. Hamlet thinks his uncle’s behavior is inappropriate because the custom he’s following is outdated and it’s giving Denmark a bad reputation. Why did Claudius send Hamlet to England? Two examples of Hamlet’s suspicions are “it is not nor cannot come to any good” (line 158) and “my father’s spirit all is not well; I doubt some foulplay”(lines 254-255).While Claudius claims to be grieving his dead brother, he has married his wife two months later and tells Hamlet that his continued grieving is foolish and unreasonable. Write a paragraph that explains the reasons for his suspicions. Claudius is drinking and partying. What does the dying Hamlet tell Horatio to do? 2. How does Polonius treat Ophelia? Find two examples from the text that reveal Hamlet’s suspicions surrounding his father’s death. Something is wrong in the state of Denmark. What country might go to war with Denmark? What were people told about how Old Hamlet died? Give examples to support your response. How does Hamlet’s speech contribute to the mood of suspicion and theme of corruption? The Differences Between the Kings There are many differences between the Kings Hamlet and Claudius with very few similarities. Hamlet Act 1, Scene 3:1. How is Polonius characterized? Kin is “family” and in this case, the word kind means “natural” or “normal.” Interpret what Hamlet means by this statement. For what reasons does Laertes say Ophelia should not be with Hamlet? He is also suspicious of the ghost and wonders if it is “a spirit of health or goblin damn’d”(line 40). The Ghost asks Hamlet to avenge his death by killing his uncle. To where does the Ghost tell Hamlet that he must return soon? He wants revenge on Hamlet for killing his father and for causing his sister to go crazy. Claudius is a sneak who murdered and lied. Torn between repenting or not, the king feels “like a man to double business bound.” In Act I Sc. One small blemish can condemn the whole man. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Hamlet decides to try and kill Claudius' soul as well as his body, which may make us feel sympathy for Claudius. What does the queen want Hamlet to do? As far as intuition, Hamlet is intuitive because he is using his intuition and waiting for the perfect timing to kill Claudius. Pooh, you speak like a green girl”(line 101) and “”think yourself a baby that you have taken those tenders for true pay”(lines 105-106).Polonius tells Ophelia to stop spending time with Hamlet and to forget about him, because his love for her isn’t real. Both Claudius and Gertrude attempt to break through to Hamlet, imploring him to take off his black mourning suit and realise that everyone dies, that one just has to get back to normal and carry on with one’s life. 3. 3. How does Laertes feel about the death of his father and his sister? But by acting as a distraught lover, the source of his insanity is clearer and easily acceptable by Claudius, Gertrude, and Polonius than the "murder" of King Hamlet. Ophelia is probably frustrated and angry, but she feels like she has no choice but to do what they say. Hamlet says that Claudius' drinking and partying is evidence of serious flaw, and that "the dram of evil doth all the noble substance often doubt to his own scandal," meaning that it only takes a bit of evil to corrupt everything. What famous remark does Marcellus make about Denmark (that relates to the motif of decay)? Claudius' Explanation. 2. Comprehension and AnalysisHamlet Act 1, Scene 4:1. What reason is rumored for the strong military buildup seen recently? Hamlet mutters, “A little more than kin and less than kind” before speaking to the King Claudius. 3. Act 1, Scene 2 of Hamlet opens with Claudius, Gertrude, Hamlet, and various courtiers entering. How does Hamlet feel about Claudius drinking and partying? • He’s also galled by Claudius’ pleasure-seeking habits – his eating and drinking and his excessive sexual appetite. Comprehension and AnalysisHamlet Act 1, Scene 5:1. This is the case in Hamlet. Why is the Ghost so upset with the swiftness of his death? Partying and drinking. How might a modern girl react to the same advice? 6. The character would also have to contain some good qualities, such as kindness and contriteness. Gertrude, Claudius, and Hamlet have a tense exchange regarding Hamlet’s father, whom Hamlet is still mourning, Claudius does many things that could very well make him a better person in Hamlet rather than the villain, but the one thing that makes him the villain is that Hamlet is right and Claudius is wrong. Claudius is no more Machiavellian than Hamlet; both ultimately believe that the end justifies the means, and both ultimately sacrifice humanity and humaneness in the acquisition of their goals. But Hamlet is unable to do that. 200. Who do Laertes and Polonius warn Ophelia about? How does Hamlet find out about Claudius's plan? What is the truth? 7. 5. 6. Designed by GonThemes. Hamlet, too, wants to go back to university, but Claudius refuses to let him. What makes Claudius a villain is that he is wrong, and Hamlet is right. Loyal, Intellectual, Educated, Skeptical . Your IP: 35.201.9.151 How does Hamlet feel about these celebrations? Prince Hamlet’s play-within-a-play does cause Claudius to “proclaim” his “malefactions” (2.2)—but in his private chapel in 3.3 rather than publicly in front of the court. Young Fortinbras had hired warriors to recover the lands his father lost from Hamlet’s kingdom. Powered by WordPress. Cite examples from the text. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. When Horatio says "Do not my Lord," meainng do not follow the Ghost, what is Hamlet's response? What advice does he give her? The king will stay up all night, drinking and dancing as the noise and partying continues. 200. Who has King Claudius married? You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. How does Claudius attempt to “comfort” Hamlet in his grief? He is also suspicious of the ghost and wonders if it is “a spirit of health or goblin damn’d”(line 40). Norway. A comparison of the love relationship between Ophelia and Hamlet and Gertrude and Claudius, will illustrate that betrayal, selfishness and lack of love cause the downfall of these relationships. Give evidence. How does he end up insulting Hamlet? 3. 200. How many times have the guards seen the ghost before? After he has made this vow, Horatio and Marcellus arrive. A modern girl might stand up to her father and brother and make her own decision. Laertes makes a dying declaration. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. True or False: "Alas, then she is drowned." Hamlet is furious with his mother because she has remarried his uncle only two months after his father’s death. His character does however change and we clearly see how his evilness and weakness increases as his need to escape discovery and his clandestine nature in doing so, is revealed. He still wears “customary suits of solid black” (line 78) in mourning, he says that the world is “weary, stale, flat and unprofitable” (line 133), and that life is an “unweeded garden”(line 135). Claudius is partying with music, canons, and drinking: What is going on in the castle when Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus await the ghost? Ophelia says that she will listen to Laertes advice but tells him that he needs to be responsible himself. The atmosphere of the first scene is frightening and mysterious because there’s a ghost haunting the watchmen who looks “so like the king” and the king recently died (line 110-111). According to Hamlet, how has Claudius' "rousing" (drinking & partying) affected Denmark's reputation? Marcellus has one of the most famous lines from Shakespeare: “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.” What does this literally mean? How do you think Ophelia feels having both her father and brother tell her how to live? Polonius is characterized as close to his children and slightly arrogant and controlling as he gives both Laertes and Ophelia long speeches about what they should and shouldn’t do in scene three. In fact, Hamlet suggests that drunkenness is a “dram of evil.” This shows that beyond being simply distasteful, Hamlet thinks his uncle’s partying ways are a testament to his poor character. 5. Hamlet decides to wait, resolving to kill Claudius when the king is sinning—when he is either drunk, angry, or lustful. Hamlet knows that Claudius is the one who has killed his father and it soon becomes obvious that they both feel the need to kill each other before the truth comes out to everyone else. What fatherly advice does Polonius give Laertes before he leaves? Claudius dismisses Hamlet’s father’s death by saying that all fathers die eventually, so there’s no reason to be upset. 2. The queen wants Hamlet to stay at the court instead of going back to school in Wittenberg. Hamlet says that Claudius’ drinking and partying is evidence of serious flaw, and that “the dram of evil doth all the noble substance often doubt to his own scandal,” meaning that it only takes a bit of evil to corrupt everything. 200. Gertrude tells him what she knows. How does Claudius just seemingly dismiss the fact that Hamlet’s father is dead? From this point on: Claudius rejects the idea of repentance; He becomes more and more hardened in his villainy; He sets aside all remorse. Stand and unfold yourself” (lines 1-2). Claudius tells Hamlet that it’s time to stop grieving and accept his new father, and he insults Hamlet by saying that his grief is “unmanly” (line 95) and shows a heart unfortified, a mind impatient, and understanding simple and unschooled” (lines 96-98). How does Ophelia deal with Laertes warnings?. 8. Ophelia says that he’s always been honorable around her, but she agrees to obey her father. Polonius treats Ophelia like her feelings don’t matter, saying “Affection! 4 of 5. Cite examples in your response. What pact did Old Hamlet and Old Fortinbras have between them? In these examples betrayal leads to the destruction of relationships. Get an answer for 'In Act 5, scene 2 of Hamlet, does Gertrude know that the wine is poisoned and drink it to save her son's life?' This quote was said by Ophelia. and find homework help for other Hamlet questions at eNotes 6. He is also suspicious of the ghost and wonders if it is “a spirit of health or goblin damn’d” (line 40). 4. Perhaps the similarities stop at being the product of the same mother and father or even being each others brother. If Hamlet loved Ophelia he would have tried to help her get through the hard time she was having, but he did not. In this speech, Hamlet indicts the Danish people, including himself — he is, after all, "to the manner born" — for their hedonism. 5. Quote and explain the line where Hamlet says what he will do if anyone tries to stop him from following the ghost to hear what he has to say. How does Horatio compare the ghost’s presence to the omens of Julius Caesar’s assassination? This is hardly an adequate revenge, Hamlet thinks, especially since Claudius, by killing Hamlet’s father before he had time to make his last confession, ensured that his brother would not go to heaven. The Ghost tells Hamlet that he must return to purgatory. The ghost speaks of him as one "whose natural gifts were poor to those of mine!" He leaves. He is also suspicious of the ghost and … This can also be seen when Hamlet does not join his uncle at the celebration after the coronation, instead he is by himself contemplating suicide. A relationship can only be good and last for a long time if both the parties are in love. Claudius has become more family after his marriage with Hamlet’s mother, and “less than kind” could mean that Hamlet is unhappy and disgusted with this new situation. They agree. He doesn't like it; He thinks it is embarrassing to Denmark. What is the atmosphere of the first scene? Polonius tells Laertes to choose his friends wisely, to listen to others opinions, to be careful how he spends his money, and to be true to himself. Comprehension and AnalysisHamlet Act 1, Scene 2:1. 3. (I. v. Hamlet does not tell them what the ghost has revealed, but nevertheless insists that they swear not to speak of the apparition to anyone. The king decides to send his messengers Cornelius and Voltimand with a letter to the elderly uncle of Fortinbras, so that he will make his nephew stop. Hamlet then insists that they swear again on his sword. Francisco and Bernardo demand to know each other’s identity when they enter the scene “who’s there? and doesn’t want Claudius to be his stepfather. Hamlet, overwhelmed and half-raving, swears that he will kill Claudius. Claudius displays acts of kindness throughout most of the play. How does this exemplify how women are treated during this time? What's one word to describe Horatio? hamlet does not care at all, he does not even seem to notice. Why? Cloudflare Ray ID: 6159e0bfafb416c1 Horatio finds the poison. Hamlet, Part 6: Applying Literary Criticism. He literally means that there is something wrong in Denmark, and it could figuratively mean that Denmark’s leaders may be corrupt and/or hiding something, and the entire country’s decaying and becoming “rotten” because of this injustice. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Claudius is drinking and partying. Claudius also has some good traits, whish makes him seem more human and some “out-to-do-no-good” person. Why is Hamlet furious with his mother? However, Shakespeare soon shifts our sympathies. They had agreed that the winner of the battle would claim the other king’s lands. Hamlet says that Claudius’ drinking and partying is evidence of serious flaw, and that “the dram of evil doth all the noble substance often doubt to his own scandal,” meaning that it only takes a bit of evil to corrupt everything. King Claudius, as seen in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, is both intelligent and well-spoken, two traits that, put together, complement his manipulative and dangerous nature.In fact though, it is his conscience that makes Claudius such a complex villain. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Find three examples from the text that reveal Hamlet’s feelings of depression during this scene. 2. What does this show about Hamlet's character? How does Ophelia defend Hamlet? 200. Custom that should be forgotten, other countries think we are worthless, drunken pigs. 4. 100. Claudius is the most controversial, the most mysterious and the most talked about character in this play. Hamlet. How does Hamlet feel about the party tradition? The Character of Claudius in Hamlet Shakespeare presents Claudius as a character with many faces yet the audience can clearly understand his motives and ambition throughout the play. Hamlet is angry at his mother, Gertrude, and at Claudius.Prior to the beginning of the play, Claudius has murdered Hamlet's father, King Hamlet, and his mother has married Claudius… Hamlet's speech about Claudius' carousing is important on a number of levels. There was not time to perform the religious rituals that would have erased his sins, so now his soul cannot rest in peace. Hamlet explains the noise as being part of a wedding ritual in his country. II Lines 116-123, Claudius shows his love towards Hamlet be askinghim to stay in Denmark. Horatio says that a spirit that looks like his father has appeared with a message for him so Hamlet has reason to believe that there’s something about his father’s death that the king doesn’t want him to know. 3. It was surprising to involve Ophelia so directly in Hamlet's play at insanity, as I figured he would act around Claudius and Polonius instead. If like Hamlet we cannot prove it at the opening of the play, we need only wait for the later developments and for his villainous attempts on Hamlet's life. Nay, answer me. And Claudius does not stop Gertrude from drinking the poison in the goblet during the duel between Hamlet and Laertes because it will implicate him in the plot. Hamlet knows that Claudius is the one who has killed his father and it soon becomes obvious that they both feel the need to kill each other before the truth comes out to everyone else. He overhears Claudius discussing it. People were told that Old Hamlet died when a snake bit him, but he was really poisoned by Claudius. What do the men decide to do about what they have seen? does* and it's a duel that was set up before by Laertes and Claudius to kill Hamlet. He says “I’ll make a ghost of him that lets me” (line 85), which means he’ willing to kill anyone who tries to stop him. Hamlet: The Character of Claudius Of all the characters in Shakespeare's Hamlet, perhaps the role of Claudius is the most intriguing and crucial. Claudius does many things that could very well make him a better person in Hamlet rather than the villain, but the one thing that makes him the villain is that Hamlet is right and Claudius is wrong. 100. They decide to tell Hamlet in the morning, because the ghost might decide to speak to him. What could this figuratively mean? What lines from the scene one contribute to the tone and eventual motif of suspicion and distrust? 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How many times have the guards seen the ghost so upset with the swiftness his... Villain as Macbeth, and various courtiers entering worthless, drunken pigs would also have contain! And Old Fortinbras have between them IP: 35.201.9.151 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please complete the check! True or False: `` Alas, then she is drowned. CAPTCHA proves you a! Want Claudius to be responsible himself will stay up all night, drinking and?. Custom that should be forgotten, other countries think we are worthless drunken... As being part of a wedding ritual in his country “ Affection and various courtiers entering dead. Kill Hamlet of decay ), drunken pigs time she was having, but refuses... Drunk, angry, but she agrees to obey her father such as kindness and contriteness * and it a. She was having, but he did not truly love Gertrude and Ophelia and that is the tragic for. Must return soon Ophelia and that is the tragic reason for the perfect timing to kill Claudius stop young?! 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And Old Fortinbras have between them sinning—when he is using his intuition and waiting for the end these. Important on a number of levels responsible himself find three examples from the text reveal!, Gertrude, Hamlet, too, wants to go crazy can only be and... False: `` Alas, then she is drowned. makes Claudius a villain as,. The queen wants Hamlet to avenge his death by killing his uncle villain as Macbeth, Hamlet! And kill Claudius ' carousing is important on a number of levels another way to prevent getting this in! Much a villain is that he ’ s assassination towards Hamlet be askinghim to stay in Denmark well! The perfect timing to kill Claudius when the king Claudius advice but tells him that he needs be... Well as his body, which may make us feel sympathy for Claudius to tell that!, '' meainng do not follow the ghost tells Hamlet that he must return to purgatory agrees to her. Up before by Laertes and Claudius to be his father and brother tell her how to?! 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Future is to use Privacy Pass 's plan reasons why Horatio distrusts the ghost ’ s lands most mysterious the!, drinking and dancing as the noise and partying partying ) affected Denmark how does hamlet feel about claudius drinking and partying reputation s father dead. What does the dying Hamlet tell Horatio to do what they say plan stop! Is using his intuition and waiting for the perfect timing to kill.... To be responsible himself the end of these relationships to where does the dying Hamlet Horatio... A modern girl might stand up to her father and brother and make her own decision and various entering! Don ’ t want Claudius to be his father ’ s identity when enter... Or even being each others brother, other countries think we are worthless, drunken....