His mother Nilhal Kaur, was the wife of Gur Ditta, the eldest son of Damodari and Guru Har Govind. The reason why Ram Rai was superseded has already been given in the last chapter. His elder brother Ram Rai was ignored for Guruship. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. Guru Har Rai Sahib was a man of peace but he never disbanded or discharged the armed Sikh Warriors(Saint Soldiers), who earlier were maintained by his grandfather (Guru Hargobind Sahib). The guru simply said the words “Baba Bakala” before taking his last breath on March 30, 1664. 62–63, 67–69. The guru agreed. He became the youngest guru in Sikhism when he succeeded his father Guru Har Rai on 7 October 1661 as a five year old. When the guru reached Delhi, he was respectfully welcomed by Raja Jai Singh and the Sikhs of Delhi. He served all of them wholeheartedly, irrespective of their religion or community. Before His death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai Ji designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. The Sikhs of the Punjab. Spiritual & Religious Leaders Guru ji,s father was Shri Guru Har Rai Sahib ji, the 7 th Guru of Sikhs and Guru ji’s mother was Mata Kishan Kaur( Mata Sulakhni ji). Thi… The guru easily recognized the real queen. Guru Har Rai was the seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus. . Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. [3], In the Sikh tradition, Guru Har Rai was asked why he was helping the Mughal prince Dara Shikoh whose forefathers had persecuted Sikhs and Sikh Gurus. Ultimately, Aurangzeb won, arrested Dara Shikoh and executed him on charges of apostasy from Islam. Before Guru Ji died, he nominated Guru Har Krishan Ji, his son, as the next Guru of the Sikhs. According to sources, the emperor presented the guru with two large trays, one with ornaments, clothes and toys, and the other with a holy man's cloak and cowl. The guru accepted the one with the holy man’s garb. The sixth Guru disagreed with Dhir Mal, and designated the younger Har Rai as the successor. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where he converted the local Brar tribes to Sikhism. The guru began tending to the patients without worrying for his own health. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the guru. The Muslim population was so touched by his selfless service that they called him “Bala Pir” (child prophet). [3][4], Guru Har Rai is notable for maintaining the large army of Sikh soldiers that the sixth Sikh Guru had amassed, yet avoiding military conflict. Guru Har Rai Sahib had two sons: Sri Ram Rai Ji and Sri Har Krishan Sahib Ji(Guru). The katha or discourse style recitals were added by Guru Har Rai, to the sabad kirtan singing tradition of Sikhs. Indian Male, See the events in life of Guru Har Krishan in Chronological Order. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0. Before Guru Ji died, he nominated Guru Har Krishan Ji, his son, as the next Guru of the Sikhs. At age 10, in 1640, Guru Har Rai was married to Mata Kishan Kaur (sometimes also referred to as Sulakhni) the daughter of Daya Ram.They had two children, Ram Rai and Har Krishan, the latter of whom became the eighth Guru.J. [2][3] According to Mughal records, Guru Har Rai provided other forms of support to Dara Shikoh as he and his brother Aurangzeb battled for rights to succession. Aurangzeb kept Ram Rai as hostage, questioned Ram Rai about a verse in the Adi Granth – the holy text of Sikhs at that time. When he was near Panjokhara, a Sikh requested him to spend a day there as several devotees from faraway places were coming to meet the guru. Guru Har Kishen who was the second and the youngest son of Guru Har Rai and Mata Krishan Kaur, was born on 7th of July, 1656 at Kiratpur. The Sikh devotees were inconsolable at the untimely death of Guru Har Rai and it was the new Guru Har Krishan who consoled the followers, telling them to accept the God’s will. Ram Rai, the elder son, had proved himself unfit to be Guru because he had changed the lines from the Granth. Sri Guru Har Krishan ji was born to Sri Guru Har Rai ji, the seventh guru of Sikhs, and Mata Krishan Kaur 1656 in Kiratpur Sahib on Sawan Vadi 10, Bikrami Samvat 1713. He was born on July 7th, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib Ji to Mata Kishan Kaur Ji. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/guru-har-krishan-6781.php His elder brother Dhir Mal had gained encouragement and support from Shah Jahan, with free land grants and Mughal sponsorship. . Guru Har Rai (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ, pronunciation: [gʊɾuː ɦəɾ ɾaːɪ]; 16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661)[1] revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. [6], Guru Har Rai was born to Nihal Kaur and Baba Gurditta into a Sodhi household. Guru Har Krishan eventually visited Aurangzeb’s court. So he asked him to come to the Delhi court. Guru Har Rai Ji is the seventh Guru of the Sikhs. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/guru-har-krishan-6781.php, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore, 17th Century Spiritual & Religious Leaders. Guru Har Rai had brothers. Ram Rai, the elder brother of Guru Harkrishan Sahib was ex-communicated and disinherited due to his anti-Guru Ghar activities, as stated earlier and Sri Harkrishan Sahib Ji at the age of about five years, was declared as Eighth Nanak Guru by his father Guru Har Rai Sahib before his death in 1661. The guru called the man and asked him to explain to the pandit the gist of the Bhagavad gita. [3] He guided the Sikhs for about seventeen years, till his death at age 31. He was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib. A very kind hearted person, Guru Har Krishan wholeheartedly served the patients of smallpox during an epidemic and himself contracted the disease as a result. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. The donation collectors, some of the Masands (local congregational leaders) led by Dhir Mal – the older brother of Guru Har Rai, all of them encouraged by the support of Shah Jahan, land grants and Mughal administration, had attempted to internally split the Sikhs into competing movements, start a parallel guruship, and thereby weaken the Sikh religion. He had one elder brother Ram Rai. Before passing away in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had declared that his younger son Har Krishan, would be the next Sikh Guru . Guru Har Rai Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ) (31 January 1630 – 20 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19 March, 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. In 1660, Aurangzeb summoned Guru Har Rai to appear before him to explain his relationship with Dara Shikoh. The guru travelled through Ropar, Banur and Ambala on his way to Delhi. Guru Har Krishan … He was married in 1697 B.S. Guru Har Krishan Ji is the eighth Guru of the Sikhs. 62–63, 67–69. Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of all the Sikh Gurus. He was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. [2][4] Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai is remembered for excommunicating his elder son, and nominating his younger son Har Krishan to succeed him. [3], After Aurangzeb won the succession war in 1658, he summoned Guru Har Rai in 1660 to explain his support for the executed Dara Shikoh. Har Krishan was only five years old when he succeeded his father as … When it became apparent that the guru would not survive, the Sikhs tearfully asked him to name his successor. Thus a part of the challenge for Guru Har Rai was to keep Sikhs united. Before his death in October 1661, Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Aos cinco anos de idade tornou-se o guru mais jovem do siquismo em 7 de outubro de 1661, sucedendo seu pai, Guru Har Rai, o sétimo guru sique. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Rozy Sood and is located at 10524 Variel Ave, Chatsworth, CA 91311. [9], Guru Har Rai provided medical care to Dara Shikoh, possibly when he had been poisoned by Mughal operatives. He otherwise further boosted the military spirit of the Sikhs. In fact he was the one who consoled the Sikh followers upon the early death of his father and told them to accept the will of God instead of lamenting or crying. Guru Har Krishan’s Sacrifice Posted July 22, 2020 by Sikh Dharma Ministry & filed under 08-Guru Harkrishan, Sikh History. Aurangzeb claimed that it disparaged the Muslims. His granduncle Tegh Bahadur, who was living in the town of Baba Bakala, was recognized as his successor. Guru Har Krishan (23 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) was born on 23 july and he is the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. His malady soon developed into small pox and his young body was ravaged with the disease. pp. Aurangzeb was convinced that this small boy was indeed a spiritual person. There he stayed in Raja Jai Singh’s bungalow where hordes of people came to see him and seek his blessings. Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was the eighth of the ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of Sikhism.He was the second son of the seventh Guru, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). The guru felt that his elder son Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire and thus chose Har Krishan as the future guru even though the boy was just five years old. He withdrew from Kiratpur and moved farther back into... Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. After considerable thought, the guru decided to visit Aurangzeb and set out on his journey. With great wisdom, he accepted the suffering as God’s will. Prior to passing ceaselessly in 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji had announced that his more youthful child Har Krishan, would be the following Sikh Guru. Even though he died at the young age of 31, he made many significant contributions to the religion of Sikhism within his short life. He started several public singing and scripture recital traditions in Sikhism. He became Guru on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. He also added the akhand kirtan or continuous scripture singing tradition of Sikhism, as well as the tradition of jotian da kirtan or collective folk choral singing of scriptures. The Raja decided to test the guru’s intelligence and asked him to identify the queen from among a group of well-dressed ladies. The Sikh community across the world celebrates 364th Parkash Purab of the eighth Guru of Sikhs Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib on July 14. Guru Har Rai sent his elder son Ram Rai to represent him. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. [2] He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni Ji). Har Krishan was born on July 23, 1656, in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India, to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). He was the second child of the seventh Guru, Sri Guru Har Rai Ji and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab,India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). Guru Har Rai Sahib was the Son of Baba Gurdita and Mata Nihal Kaur (also known as … He was born to father Baba Gurditta and mother Nihal Kaur. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the young guru and asked him to come to the Mughal court. The young guru displayed great maturity and wisdom despite being a small child and soon endeared himself to the followers of Sikhism. After meeting the guru Aurangzeb became convinced of his holiness. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai… pp. Known to be a very compassionate and kind person, he was concerned not only about the welfare of human beings, but also that of the animals. [12], The organizational structure that had helped Sikhs to grow and resist the Mughal persecution had created new problems for Guru Har Rai. Even though he was just a small child when he assumed the Guru Gaddi, Guru Har Krishan was very wise and mature beyond his age. Their names were Ram Rai and Har Krishan. Sri Guru Har Krishan Jee was born at Kiratpur Sahib. Guru Jee was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib Jee and Mata Krishan Kaur Jee (Sulakhni Jee). Shri har Krishan Sahib ji was born on 7 th July 1656 at Kiratpur, Dist. Guru Har Rai died on October 6, 1661, and Har Krishan succeeded him as the Sikh Guru on October 7, 1661, becoming the youngest guru in Sikh history. He died of the disease at the age of eight. He came to be known as the Bal Guru (Child Guru) and soon became very popular among the masses. [6], The third Sikh leader Guru Amar Das had started the tradition of appointing manji (zones of religious administration with an appointed chief called sangatias),[11][12] introduced the dasvandh ("the tenth" of income) system of revenue collection in the name of Guru and as pooled community religious resource,[13] and the famed langar tradition of Sikhism where anyone, without discrimination of any kind, could get a free meal in a communal seating. Cambridge University Press. Guru Har Kishen was appointed Guru when he was five years and three months old. The period of Guru Har Rai (1630–61) was a relatively peaceful one. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). Guru Har Rai Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਰਾਇ) (31 January 1630 - 20 October 1661) was the seventh of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Guru on Tuesday, 19 March, 1644 following the footsteps of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind Ji. [7][8] Some of the biographies of Guru Har Rai written in the 18th century such as by Kesar Singh Chhibber, and the 19th-century Sikh literature are highly inconsistent. His father was the seventh guru of Sikhism and well-known for being a compassionate and wise soul. The infant Har Rai was born in Kirat Pur and received his name from his grandfather, Guru Har Govind (Gobind) Sodhi. The guru himself contracted the disease and died soon after. Guru Har Krishan Sahib was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (Wednesday, 23 July 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. An epidemic of smallpox swept through Delhi when the guru was visiting, and he selflessly tended to the patients irrespective of their religion, caste, or community. HAR KRISHAN, GURU (1656-1664), the eighth Guru or prophet teacher of the Sikh faith, was the younger son of Guru Har Rai (1630-61) and Mata Sulakkham. He carried on the legacy of his predecessors and possessed a rare ability in explaining passages from the Holy Granth. He was the son of Guru Har Rai Ji, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs and his wife, Bibi Sulakhni who is also known as Mata Krishan Kaur. Ropar in Punjab. ISBN 978-0-521-63764-0.. [1], Guru Har Rai, the Seventh Guru (Early-18th-century Pahari painting), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru_Har_Rai&oldid=1001658529, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 18:05. S. Grewal (1998). His father died while he was 8 years old. Guru Har Krishan Ji the eighth Guru of the Sikhs was born in the Guru Ghar (Home of the Gurus) on 7 July 1656. Guru Har Rai had two sons. After his death, his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur became the next Guru of the Sikhs. Har Krishan was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan dei (Mata Sulakhni). Guru Har Krishan (em panjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ ਜੀ, ɡʊru həɾ kɾɪʃən) (23 de julho de 1656 — 30 de março de 1664) foi o oitavo dos dez Gurus siques humanos. Hari Krishen’s older brother Ram Rai, already in favour with the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, protested Hari Krishen’s appointment as the Guru.Aurangzeb called the eight-year-old Hari Krishen to Delhi to decide the matter, and the boy arrived there during a severe cholera epidemic.After restoring many people to health, he himself fell ill with smallpox. Much to the astonishment of the onlookers, the illiterate man started reciting a coherent commentary of the sacred text. The Sikhs of the Punjab. This post has been excerpted from an article originally appearing in the Spring 2015 SDI Ministry Newsletter. [5] Har Krishan became the eighth Guru at age 5 after Guru Har Rai's death in 1661. Guru Har Rai is believed to have replied that if a man plucks flowers with one hand and gives it away using his other hand, both hands get the same fragrance.[10]. For about seventeen years, till his death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji and named Krishan! 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